1 Wo unto them that decree unrighteous decrees [declarations], and that write grievousness [evil acts] which they have prescribed;
2 To turn away the needy from judgment [callous in their actions], and to take away the right from the poor of my people [to exist], that widows may be their prey, [slavery] and that they may rob the fatherless! [This is the purpose of the Assyrians, to plunder.]
3 And what will ye do in the day of visitation [when war is upon you], and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory? [How will your kingdom stand without God?]
4 Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners [taken captive], and they shall fall under the slain. [executed] For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still. [The judgments are fixed.]
5 O Assyrian, the rod [power] of mine [God’s] anger, and the staff in their hand is their indignation. [Israel’s own ruling is their undoing.]
6 I will send him [The army of Assyrians to go] against a hypocritical nation [Northern Kingdom of Israel], and against the people of my wrath [Israel] will I give him a charge to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so [The Assyrian king lies about his intentions]; but in his heart it is to destroy and cut off nations not a few. [He intends to conquer many nations.]
8 For he saith: Are not my princes altogether kings? [His governor replacements are better than their Kings.]
9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus? [conquered kingdoms of Assyria]
10 As my hand hath founded the kingdoms of the idols [of their own gods], and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria; [Their gods were greater than the Hebrews.]
11 Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and to her idols? [Shall I not even easier destroy you and your god?]
12 Wherefore it shall come to pass that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon Mount Zion and upon Jerusalem [The temple and the city], I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks. [The fall of Assyria.]
13 For he [king of Assyria] saith: By the strength of my hand and by my wisdom I have done these things; for I am prudent [cautious]; and I have moved the borders of the people [destroyed their kingdom and annexed to my own], and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down [reduced] the inhabitants like a valiant [great warrior] man;
14 And my hand hath found as a nest [depository] the riches of the people; and as one gathereth eggs that are left have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped. [I have taken all the riches and there was no resistance.]
15 Shall the ax boast itself against him that heweth therewith? Shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? As if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself as if it were no wood! [Where does the king get his power? It is not of himself, for God has only allowed it.]
16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of Hosts, send among his fat [rich and proud] ones , leanness [humility]; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning [cleansing] like the burning of a fire.
17 And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame, and shall burn [by the power of God and His angel] and shall devour his thorns and his briers in one day; [shall his army against my people be destroyed.]
18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body [completely annihilated]; and they shall be as when a standard-bearer fainteth. [They shall die where they stand, as if fainting.]
This is Isaiah’s direct prophecy regarding how the Lord would destroy the 185,000 man army of the Assyrians.
19 And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them. [Those that survive are a number so few even a child could count them.]
20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel [Northern Kingdom], and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob [in Jerusalem], shall no more again stay upon him that smote them, but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. [They shall know that the Lord is their support, not the Assyrians. In God do they trust.]
21 The remnant shall return, yea, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. [Those of the covenant shall again worship God in great faith.]
22 For though thy people Israel [Northern Kingdom] be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return [a portion shall be saved]; the consumption decreed [heavy cost of their rebellion to God] shall overflow with righteousness. [Shall bring forth great events unto God’s purposes.]
23 For the Lord God of Hosts shall make a consumption [make less abundant], even determined in all the land.
24 Therefore, thus saith the Lord God of Hosts: O my people that dwellest in Zion [Jerusalem], be not afraid of the Assyrian; he shall smite thee with a rod [word of power], and shall lift up his staff [bondage] against thee, after the manner of Egypt. [slavery and servitude]
25 For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction. [It will be only a short while.]
Here is where patience is required. Often when the Lord says things will be only a little while, it could mean years.
26 And the Lord of Hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb; and as his rod was upon the sea so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt. [Like the battle of Gideon and his 300 against the Midianites, or Moses and his destruction of the Egyptians at the Red Sea. Each were considered impossible tasks, yet God won the battle for them.]
27 And it shall come to pass in that day that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. [The Assyrian yoke will not last.]
28 He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages.
29 They are gone over the passage; they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramath is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.
30 Lift up the voice, O daughter of Gallim; cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.
31 Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee. [Isaiah lists the cities that have fallen to the Assyrians.]
32 As yet shall he remain at Nob that day; he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem. [They are about to come to attack Jerusalem.]
33 Behold, the Lord, the Lord of Hosts shall lop the bough with terror [cut down their army]; and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down; and the haughty shall be humbled. [kings shall be overthrown]
34 And he shall cut down the thickets of the forests with iron [the angel shall cut down the army], and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one. [But Assyria will fall by the hand of God.]
The Lord showed me that these armies of Shenacherub, the Assyrian King, composed of mercenaries of Egypt and the Assyrians lands, were overcome by carbon monoxide gas seeping from the faults a distance from Jerusalem where they were encamped. They literally died as if fainting. In 2 Kings 19:35 it states that an angel of the lord destroyed them.
Although this chapter is a detailed description of what occurred to Jerusalem during the siege of the Assyrians against Hezekiah, it is also a detailed account of how God will protect the Jews and in the last days as they are besieged by the armies of Armageddon.
Another comparison I see is how the wicked in America will be like the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the righteous of the New Jerusalem like those of the old Jerusalem. God will protect those who put their trust in Him.