1 Now my son [Corianton], here is somewhat more I would say unto thee; for I perceive that thy mind is worried [anxious] concerning the resurrection of the dead.
2 Behold, I say unto you, that there is no resurrection—or, I would say, in other words, that this mortal [telestial] does not put on immortality [higher glory], this corruption [sinful state] does not put on incorruption [forgiveness of sins] —until after the coming of Christ. [Our spirit body in its telestial state does not advance without the resurrection of Christ. This event is outside of time and space and those who lived before Christ will obtain the blessing, as will be discussed in the coming verses.]
3 Behold, he bringeth to pass the resurrection of the dead. But behold, my son, the resurrection is not yet. [for you] Now, I unfold unto you a mystery [show you in layers]; nevertheless, there are many mysteries which are kept [not yet revealed], that no one knoweth them save God himself. But I show unto you one thing which I have inquired diligently of God that I might know [All mysteries require us to pray and receive revelation in order to fully understand for ourselves.]—that is concerning the resurrection.
The Doctrine of Resurrection is one of the least understood mysteries of God.
4 Behold, there is a time appointed that all shall come forth from the dead. [The Lord determines the time. For some it comes quickly, and others they must wait. In all cases it requires faith.] Now when this time cometh no one knows; but God knoweth the time which is appointed.
The term “come forth from the dead” or “resurrection” is the ascension of the spirit body to a higher glory (gift of the Holy Ghost). It is a physical manifestation, yet not like the physical that we think of. The spirit is also matter, but more refined and in its higher glory more energetic. Our physical bodies are literally “dust” compared to the reality and permanence of the higher resurrection.
5 Now, whether there shall be one time, or a second time, or a third time, that men shall come forth from the dead, it mattereth not; for God knoweth all these things; and it sufficeth me to know that this is the case—that there is a time appointed that all shall rise from the dead. [These designations of resurrections are referring to different times in which the Lord will judge the righteous and the wicked. See D&C 88:96-102]
6 Now there must needs be a space betwixt the time of death and the time of the resurrection.
“Death” is the moment we enter our second estate or the telestial realm. This includes both mortality and the spirit realm. To be separated from God is considered death as an eternal consequence of mortality.
7 And now I would inquire what becometh of the souls of men from this time of death to the time appointed for the resurrection? [What is the purpose of entering the second estate?]
8 Now whether there is more than one time appointed for men to rise it mattereth not; for all do not die at once, and this mattereth not; all is as one day with God, and time only is measured unto men. [During the span of this earth’s existence there are many opportunities to escape death. In this is a mystery.]
9 Therefore, there is a time appointed unto men that they shall rise from the dead [A time appointed for each person to enter mortality and to come unto Christ.]; and there is a space between the time of death and the resurrection [an opportunity]. And now, concerning this space of time, what becometh of the souls of men is the thing which I have inquired diligently of the Lord to know; and this is the thing of which I do know.
10 And when the time cometh when all shall rise, then shall they know that God knoweth all the times which are appointed unto man. [At the final day of judgment, all shall be understood regarding the Lord’s great plan for us. This is the Everlasting Covenant.]
11 Now, concerning the state of the soul between death and the resurrection—Behold, it has been made known unto me by an angel, that the spirits of all men, as soon as they are departed from this mortal body [die physically], yea, the spirits of all men, whether they be good or evil, are taken home to that God who gave them life. [Return to the spirit realm of this earth, the abode of the former first estate.]
12 And then shall it come to pass, that the spirits of those who are righteous are received into a state of happiness, which is called paradise, a state of rest, a state of peace, where they shall rest from all their [physical] troubles and from all care, and sorrow.
13 And then shall it come to pass, that the spirits of the wicked, yea, who are evil—for behold, they have no part nor portion of the Spirit of the Lord; for behold, they chose evil works rather than good; therefore the spirit of the devil did enter into them, and take possession of their house [baptism of darkness]—and these shall be cast out into outer darkness; there shall be weeping, and wailing, and gnashing of teeth, and this because of their own iniquity, being led captive by the will of the devil. [made covenants to Satan]
14 Now this is the state of the souls of the wicked, yea, in darkness, and a state of awful, fearful looking for the fiery indignation of the wrath of God upon them; thus they remain in this state, as well as the righteous in paradise, until the time of their resurrection. [final judgment]
15 Now, there are some that have understood that this state of happiness and this state of misery of the soul, before the resurrection, was a first resurrection. Yea, I admit it may be termed a resurrection [What I am writing about in these notations regarding the change of the spirit by the gift of the Holy Ghost.], the raising of the spirit or the soul and their consignation to happiness or misery [judgment], according to the words which have been spoken.
16 And behold, again it hath been spoken, that there is a first resurrection, a resurrection of all those who have been, or who are, or who shall be, down to the resurrection of Christ from the dead. [These are those who receive the gift of the Holy Ghost before Christ came.]
17 Now, we do not suppose [imply] that this first resurrection, which is spoken of in this manner, can be the resurrection of the souls and their consignation [finality] to happiness or misery. Ye cannot suppose that this is what it meaneth.
18 Behold, I say unto you, Nay; but it meaneth the reuniting of the soul with the body, of those from the days of Adam down to the resurrection of Christ. [The literal reuniting of the bodily form to its perfect state from before the foundation of the world.]
19 Now, whether the souls and the bodies of those of whom has been spoken shall all be reunited at once, the wicked as well as the righteous, I do not say; [For some it is, and others it is not.] let it suffice, that I say that they all come forth [in time]; or in other words, their resurrection [change] cometh to pass before the resurrection of those who die after the resurrection of Christ.
There was a concern with Corianton that he could not be born again until after Christ came. This was a common unbelief amongst the Nephites. The very baptismal ordinance of water is a similitude of the resurrection. The baptism of fire followed by the gift of the Holy Ghost is the consummation of this ordinance.
20 Now, my son, I do not say that their resurrection cometh at the resurrection of Christ [It comes at various times before Christ.]; but behold, I give it as my opinion [You must seek revelation on this matter for yourself.] , that the souls and the bodies are reunited, of the righteous, at the resurrection of Christ, and his ascension into heaven.
The soul is the connection between the body, mind, and spirit of each individual. The body is the glory of that individual that determines their judgment and to what degree of eternal life they will abide. The term “reunited” is to imply a refreshening of a glory that once was. In this is a mystery.
21 But whether it be at his resurrection or after, I do not say [It will be different for each individual.]; but this much I say, that there is a space between death and the resurrection of the body, and a state of the soul in happiness or in misery until the time which is appointed of God that the dead shall come forth, and be reunited, both soul and body, and be brought to stand before God, and be judged according to their works. [You have an appointed time to come unto Christ between the period of “death,” and to choose what you desire regarding the Everlasting Covenant.]
22 Yea, this bringeth about the restoration of those things [The relationship and presence of the Lord for those who come to Him.] of which has been spoken by the mouths of the prophets.
23 The soul shall be restored to the body, and the body to the soul; yea, and every limb and joint shall be restored to its body; yea, even a hair of the head shall not be lost; but all things shall be restored to their proper and perfect frame. [Our “proper frame” for many is not how we see ourselves in the mirror today. This proper frame for most is how they appeared in their perfect form before the foundation of the world. However, we can appear as we wish in the eternal realms.]
24 And now, my son, this is the restoration of which has been spoken by the mouths of the prophets— [Faith, repentance, baptism, Holy Ghost – Perfection.]
25 And then shall the righteous [resurrected] shine forth in the kingdom of God.
26 But behold, an awful death cometh upon the wicked; for they die as to things pertaining to things of righteousness; for they are unclean, and no unclean thing can inherit the kingdom of God; but they are cast out, and consigned to partake of the fruits of their labors or their works, which have been evil; and they drink the dregs of a bitter cup.
You will notice that Alma does not go into detail regarding the different resurrections, or degrees of glory. He divides it simply between those who choose Christ and those who follow the adversary. There are those who are telestial in glory, terrestrial, and various degrees of celestial. All these are aside from Outer Darkness. The doctrine of resurrection is an integral part of the Everlasting Covenant. See D&C 76.
More information concerning the different kinds of resurrection go to this link: https://purerevelations.wordpress.com/2016/12/20/the-resurrection-and-condescension/